Academic Catalog


Foothill College Course Outline of Record

Foothill College Course Outline of Record
Heading Value
Units: 2
Hours: 2 lecture, 1 laboratory per week (36 total per quarter)
Advisory: MUS 13B or equivalent skills; concurrent enrollment in MUS 12A or equivalent skills; this course is included in the Voice Class Applied Performance family of activity courses.
Degree & Credit Status: Degree-Applicable Credit Course
Foothill GE: Non-GE
Transferable: CSU/UC
Grade Type: Letter Grade (Request for Pass/No Pass)
Repeatability: Not Repeatable

Student Learning Outcomes

  • A successful student will understand and apply more advanced methods of vocal production.
  • The successful student will apply proper singing techniques to public performance.


A continuation of MUS 13B, with emphasis on more refinement of vocal production. Emphasis on understanding and managing vocal passaggios, expansion of vocal styles to include classical and/or musical theatre repertoire. Small ensembles of duets with independent vocal lines. Leaning to create and communicate character will be introduced. Emphasis on ensemble building and collaboration with accompanist.

Course Objectives

The student will be able to:
A. Sing throughout their entire vocal range with support, resonance, managing transitions between vocal registers.
B. Describe the vocal passaggios in general, techniques for management and where those passaggi are for the their own voice.
C. Describe and demonstrate the difference in vocal technique for different styles of singing: classical, chorale, pop, rock and musical theatre.
D. Develop the ability to sing ensembles and/or duets as assigned with a sense of blending sounds and understanding rehearsal techniques and practices.
E. Apply all characteristics of technique, musicianship, and text communication studied at a more skillful level in performance.

Course Content

A. Technique skills
1. Support:
a. Mastery of aligned posture and ability to move on stage while singing
b. Mastery of inhalation, engaging transverse abdominal and back muscles for controlled air flow
c. Ability to maintain support throughout challenging musical and vocal lines
B. Tone Production:
1. Maintain relaxed jaw and tongue, lifted soft palate in different styles of singing
2. Ability to produce appropriately resonant vowel sounds In different languages
3. Ability to move between vocal registers
C. Articulation:
1. Develop increased ability to use articulators in a variety of languages and styles
2. Explore the use of articulation in song interpretation and communication of character
D. Increased awareness in how to develop music reading skill
1. Rhythmic values in complex styles, such as rock, jazz and patter songs
2. Music terminology related to dynamics, tempo and interpretation in languages of songs studied
F. Preparation and performance of advanced repertoire
1. Fully prepare all assigned material applying principles studied in:
a. Vocal technique
b. Musicality
c. Communication of text and character
d. Develop effective stage presence and focus
2. Perform group and solo repertoire as assigned
a. Employ techniques of vocal shading and coloring to effectively interpret a song or character
b. Develop ensemble singing skills
c. Ability to collaborate with other singers and with an accompanist

Lab Content

A. Supervised rehearsal of assignments and projects.
B. Ensemble and solo coaching.
C. Exercises in expression and connection to text.
D. Repertoire building and exploration.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment

A. Song and pedagogical materials as assigned during class; access to a piano.
B. Large classroom with piano.
C. Quality vocal recording equipment is strongly advised.
D. Audio/visual equipment; internet available computer/media equipped classroom.

Method(s) of Evaluation

A. Class participation applying techniques covered from warm-ups through songs and/or arias.
B. Successfully render advanced repertoire assigned: vocal technique, musicality, text and character.
C. Performance of songs demonstrating skill of breath support, resonance, passaggi, diction, communication of dramatic character in performance of songs.
D. Periodic quizzes on course content.
E. Final exam will consist of a performance of repertoire developed during the quarter.

Method(s) of Instruction

Lecture and demonstration, individual and group singing, discussion, listening examples and attendance of vocal performances.

Representative Text(s) and Other Materials

One of the following may be selected for use during each quarter:

Hamady, Jennifer. The Art of Singing. Milwaukee: Hal Leonard Corporation, 2009.

Peckham, Anne. The Contemporary Singer: Elements of Vocal Technique. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: Berklee Press, 2010.

Peckham, Anne. Vocal Workouts for the Contemporary Singer. Boston, MA: Berklee Press, 2006.

Peckham, Anne. Singer’s Handbook: A Total Workout in One Hour or Less. Boston, MA: Berklee Press, 2004.

Although these texts are older than the suggested "5 years or newer" standard, they remain seminal texts in this area of study.

Repertoire for the course will be chosen from a wide range of vocal literature, from classical through contemporary, through the instructor's and student's collaboration that will successfully develop each student's vocal skills.


Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing, and Outside of Class Assignments

A. Review of handouts and relevant reading materials.

B. Reading and study of the textbook.

C. Write self-evaluation journal.

D. Written text and character analysis and translations as needed.

E. Write concert reports as assigned.