Academic Catalog

V T 54B: COMPARATIVE VETERINARY ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY FOR THE VETERINARY TECHNICIAN

Foothill College Course Outline of Record

Foothill College Course Outline of Record
Heading Value
Units: 5
Hours: 4 lecture, 3 laboratory per week (84 total per quarter)
Prerequisite: V T 54A.
Advisory: Not open to students with credit in APAV 54B.
Degree & Credit Status: Degree-Applicable Credit Course
Foothill GE: Non-GE
Transferable: CSU
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Repeatability: Not Repeatable

Student Learning Outcomes

  • Recognize and identify the normal anatomy of selected organs and organ systems of domestic animals and relate it to the clinical practice of veterinary technology.
  • Know and explain the normal physiology of selected organs and organ systems of domestic animals and relate it to the clinical practice of veterinary technology.

Description

Comparative anatomy and physiology for veterinary technicians. Clinically relevant anatomy and physiology of the major domestic animals and birds, and includes a discussion of the similarities and differences among the species. Emphasis is placed on the normal structure and function of the major organ systems as the foundation for understanding pathology and pathophysiology of disease. Intended for students in the Veterinary Technology Program; enrollment is limited to students accepted in the program.

Course Objectives

The student will be able to:
A. Utilize appropriate veterinary medical terminology.
B. For all the domestic species (canine, feline, equine, bovine, porcine), recognize, compare, and contrast the structure and function of the digestive system.
C. For all the domestic species (canine, feline, equine, bovine, porcine), recognize, compare, and contrast the structure and function of the nervous system.
D. For all the domestic species (canine, feline, equine, bovine, porcine), recognize, compare, and contrast the structure and function of the endocrine system.
E. For all the domestic species (canine, feline, equine, bovine, porcine), recognize, compare, and contrast the structure and function of the urinary system.
F. For all the domestic species (canine, feline, equine, bovine, porcine), recognize, compare, and contrast the structure and function of the reproductive system, including pregnancy and parturition.
G. For all the domestic species (canine, feline, equine, bovine, porcine), recognize, compare, and contrast the structure and function of the special senses.
H. Recognize, compare and contrast avian anatomy and physiology to mammalian.
I. Apply this knowledge to the clinical setting, including but not limited to: radiology, pharmacology, restraint and handling, clinical pathology, anesthesia, and nursing care for the above listed species.

Course Content

A. Review of pertinent medical terminology
1. Terminology for anatomy, physiology, clinical applications, and diagnostic tests
B. Digestive system
1. Basic structure and function
2. Oral cavity
3. Esophagus
4. Stomach
a. Monogastric stomach
b. Ruminant stomachs
5. Small intestine
6. Large intestine, rectum, anus
7. Other organs
a. Liver
b. Pancreas
8. Nutrients and metabolism
a. Major and minor nutrients
b. Metabolism
C. Nervous system
1. Neurons and supporting cells
2. Organization
a. CNS, PNS
b. Afferent, efferent
c. Autonomic, somatic
3. Neuron function
a. Resting state, depolarization, repolarization
b. Threshold
c. Myelination
4. Neuron communication, synapse
a. Neurotransmitters
5. Brain and spinal cord
a. Cerebrum
b. Cerebellum
c. Diencephalon
d. Brain stem
e. Other structures
f. Spinal cord
6. Autonomic nervous system
a. Structure
b. Function
7. Reflexes
a. Stretch
b. Withdrawal
c. Other
D. Endocrine system
1. Hormones
a. Characteristics
b. Control of secretion
2. Major endocrine glands
a. Hypothalamus
b. Pituitary
c. Thyroid
d. Parathyroid
e. Adrenal
f. Pancreas
g. Gonads
h. Other endocrine organs
1) Kidney
2) Stomach
3) Small intestine
4) Placenta
5) Thymus
6) Pineal
i. Prostaglandins
E. Urinary system
1. Waste excretion
2. Kidney
a. Structure
b. Function
3. Ureters
4. Urinary bladder
a. Structure
b. Function
c. Micturition
5. Urethra
F. Reproductive system
1. Meiosis
a. Meiosis vs. mitosis
b. Spermatogenesis
c. Oogenesis
2. Male reproductive
a. Testes
1) Structure
2) Function
b. Vas deferens
c. Accessory glands
1) Seminal vesicles
2) Prostate
3) Bulbourethral
d. Penis
1) Structure
2) Function
3. Female reproductive system
a. Ovaries
b. Oviducts
c. Uterus
d. Cervix
e. Vagina
f. Vulva
g. Estrous cycle
4. Pregnancy, development, lactation
a. Fertilization
b. Copulation
c. Pregnancy
d. Fetal development
e. Placenta
f. Parturition
g. Uterine involution
5. Mammary glands and lactation
a. Characteristics
b. Species differences
c. Bovine udder
d. Alveoli and ducts
e. Mammary gland development
f. Lactation
1) Colostrum
2) Maintenance of lactation
G. Sense organs
1. General senses
a. Visceral
b. Touch
c. Temperature
d. Pain
e. Proprioception
2. Special senses
a. Taste
b. Smell
c. Hearing
d. Equilibrium
e. Vision
H. Basic orientation to the anatomy and physiology of avian species and comparison to mammals
1. Terminology
2. Skeleton
3. Muscles
4. Gastrointestinal
5. Cardiac
6. Pulmonary
7. Nervous
8. Genitourinary
9. Special senses
I. Application to the clinical setting for domestic species and birds
1. Radiology
2. Pharmacology
3. Restraint and handling
4. Clinical pathology
5. Anesthesia
6. Nursing care

Lab Content

A. Digestive system
B. Nervous system
C. Endocrine system
D. Urinary system
E. Reproductive system
F. Sense organs
G. Comparative anatomy

Special Facilities and/or Equipment

Lecture and laboratory facility with high-quality overhead projector, instructor's computer with internet access, video microscope, visualizer and DVD. Student computers and ports for student laptops, bench space, anatomy and physiology models, microscopes, microscope slides (cytology and histology), preserved specimens, dissection equipment.

Method(s) of Evaluation

A. Two written midterm exams
B. Written final exam
C. Laboratory evaluations, quizzes, and practical exams
D. Emphasis is on skill development and hands-on experience in all required areas. Practical training in the American Veterinary Medical Association Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and Activities List of Essential Skills Expected of Graduate Veterinary Technicians using a set of standard criteria as a guideline for the accomplishment of performance objectives

Method(s) of Instruction

Lecture, discussion, laboratory, demonstration.

Representative Text(s) and Other Materials

Colville, Thomas, and Joanna M. Bassert. Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians. 3rd ed. Missouri: Mosby Elsevier Publishers, 2016.

Colville, Thomas, and Joanna M. Bassert. Clinical Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Manual for Veterinary Technicians. 3rd ed. Missouri: Mosby Elsevier Publishers, 2016.

 

Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing, and Outside of Class Assignments

A. Reading assignments:

1. Weekly reading assignments in the lecture text (~40 pages/week)

2. Weekly reading assignments in the lab manual (~15 pages/week)

3. Viewing of DVDs with written summaries

4. Additional reading assigned as needed to supplement the texts (~10 pages/week)

 

Discipline(s)

Registered Veterinary Technician