Academic Catalog

BIOL 40B: HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II

Foothill College Course Outline of Record

Foothill College Course Outline of Record
Heading Value
Units: 5
Hours: 4 lecture, 3 laboratory per week (84 total per quarter)
Prerequisite: BIOL 40A or equivalent.
Advisory: Completion of this course with a grade of "C" or higher is highly recommended.
Degree & Credit Status: Degree-Applicable Credit Course
Foothill GE: Non-GE
Transferable: CSU/UC
Grade Type: Letter Grade (Request for Pass/No Pass)
Repeatability: Not Repeatable

Student Learning Outcomes

  • The student can analyze and evaluate the relationship between nervous system structure and function, and the role of the nervous system in maintaining homeostasis in the human body.
  • The student can analyze and evaluate the relationship between cardiovascular system structure and function, and the role of the cardiovascular system in maintaining homeostasis in the human body.
  • The student can analyze and evaluate the relationship between respiratory system structure and function, and the role of the respiratory system in maintaining homeostasis in the human body.

Description

Anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, cardiovascular system and respiratory system.

Course Objectives

The student will be able to:
A. Describe the structures and functions of chemicals, cells, tissues, and organs of the nervous system in health and disease.
B. Describe the structures and functions of chemicals, cells, tissues, and organs of the cardiovascular system in health and disease.
C. Describe the structures and functions of chemicals, cells, tissues, and organs of the respiratory system in health and disease.

Course Content

A. Nervous system will include:
1. Introduction of nervous system organization
a. Central nervous system
b. Peripheral nervous system
1) Somatic nervous system
2) Autonomic nervous system
2. Histology
a. Neurons
1) Typical neuron
2) Classification by form
3) Classification by function
b. Gray and white matter
c. Neuroglia
1) Types within the central nervous system
2) Types within the peripheral nervous system
3) Myelination and the neurolemma
3. Impulse transmission and membrane potentials
a. Resting membrane potential
b. Ion channels
c. Action potential
1) Depolarization - repolarization
2) Propagation
3) All-or-none principle
4. Synapse and neurotransmitters
5. Neuronal transmission patterns
6. Axonal repair and nerve regeneration
7. Spinal cord
a. Basic anatomy overview
b. Spinal tracts
c. Spinal meninges
8. Spinal nerves
a. Number, location and structure of spinal nerves
b. Plexuses and function of spinal nerves
9. General pathway of reflexes
10. The brain
a. Introduction to brain structure and function
b. Coverings; skull and cranial meninges
c. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
1) Structures involved in production and function of CSF
2) Clinical disorder involving CSF; hydrocephalus
d. Basic anatomy overview
e. Cranial nerves
1) Pathways, number, structure of cranial nerves
2) Function of select cranial nerves
f. Electroencephalogram [EEG]
11. The autonomic nervous system
a. General organization
b. Survey of activities
1) Parasympathetic
2) Sympathetic
12. Special senses structure and functions
B. The cardiovascular system will include:
1. Introduction
a. Comparison of body fluids
b. Functions of blood
c. Blood plasma
d. Formed elements
2. Blood
a. Red blood cells
1) Structure and function
2) Hemoglobin
3) Origin and development
4) Homeostasis
5) Life span and recycling
b. White blood cells
1) Anatomy and types
2) Physiology
c. Platelets
d. Hemostasis
1) Vascular spasms
2) Platelet plugs
3) Coagulation
4) Clotting factors
e. Plasma
1) Components
2) Functions
f. Blood diseases
3. Heart
a. Anatomy
1) Location and size
2) Pericardium
3) Heart wall, chambers, and valves
4) Blood supply to the heart
b. Physiology
1) Blood flow
2) Valve action
3) Conduction system
4) Cardiac cycle, heart sounds and electrocardiogram (ECG)
5) Determining cardiac output
6) Regulation of heart rate
7) Heart disease
4. Blood vessels
a. Basic types of vessels, histology, functions
1) Arteries
2) Arterioles
3) Capillaries
4) Venules
5) Veins
b. Hemodynamics
1) Velocity and volume of blood flow
2) Capillary filtration
3) Control of blood pressure and flow
c. Pulmonary and systemic circulation
5. Regulation by the autonomic nervous system
6. Effects of sex, age and disease on the cardiovascular system
C. Respiratory system will include:
1. Introduction of structure and function
2. External (pulmonary), internal (tissue), and cellular respiration
3. Survey of anatomy and histology: nares to alveoli
4. Physiology
a. Pulmonary ventilation
b. Blood gas transport
1) Oxygen transport
2) Carbon dioxide transport
3) Oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve
c. Tissue gas diffusion
d. Regulation of respiration
5. Respiratory diseases

Lab Content

A. Laboratory topics (hands-on exploration of models, specimens, and/or digital renderings in the following areas):
1. Nervous system
2. Special senses
a. One of the special senses selected for presentation
3. Cardiovascular system:
a. Blood vessels
b. Blood flow
c. Heart structure and function
d. Adult and fetal circulation
e. Blood pressure
f. Conduction system
4. Respiratory system
5. Histology of systems covered
B. Laboratory skills:
1. Identification of tissues and structures on prepared histology slides of systems covered
2. Use of laboratory materials, such as general lab equipment, models and microscopes
3. Dissection and identification of structures on preserved specimens, such as cow eye, sheep brain, sheep heart
4. Determine blood pressure with use of stethoscope and blood pressure cuff
5. Additional laboratory exercises may involve, for example: the generation and discussion of an ECG (electrocardiogram) to apply knowledge of conduction system of the heart

Special Facilities and/or Equipment

A. Lecture room and biology laboratory equipped with instructor's computer, internet access, ceiling projector, document camera (visualizer), VCR and DVD player.
B. Fully equipped biology laboratory with support of laboratory technician.
C. Materials and equipment to teach anatomy and physiology, including: instructor's microscope with attached camera for slide projection, anatomy models, student microscopes, histology slides, preserved specimens, dissection equipment, posters and videos.
D. Laboratory equipment and supplies, such as water-bath, glassware, and other chemical or biological reagents for studying the biochemical nature of cell and human physiology.
E. When taught via Foothill Global Access, on-going access to computer with email software and hardware; email address.

Method(s) of Evaluation

Methods may include but are not limited to the following:
A. Lecture and laboratory exams consisting of subjective and objective items. Exams written to assess knowledge and critical thinking ability. Exams may include short answer/essay questions, discussion questions, diagramming, questions relevant to laboratory experiments, lab practical component, or questions generated from models, histology slides, dissection specimens or images of the same.
B. Lab reports, pre-lab or post-lab assignments.
C. Evaluation of case studies and clinical scenarios.

Method(s) of Instruction

Methods may include but are not limited to the following:
A. Lecture
B. Laboratory
C. Cooperative learning lab exercises
D. Lab demonstration utilizing models, slides or other lab materials
E. Demonstration of specimen dissection

Representative Text(s) and Other Materials

Tortora and Derrickson. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. 14th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2014. ISBN:9781118345009

Openstax. Anatomy and Physiology. 17th ed. Openstax, 2017. ISBN: 9781938168130

Allen and Harper. Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology. 5th ed. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2014. ISBN:9781118344408

 

Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing, and Outside of Class Assignments

A. Read assigned lecture textbook chapters (approximately 20-30 pages per week) and corresponding instructional materials (such as lecture notes, chapter readings, study guides, online quizzes, and online resources) in preparation for in-class exams.

B. Read assigned lab textbook chapters (approximately 10-20 pages per week) and corresponding instructional materials (such as lecture notes, study guides, online quizzes, and online resources) in preparation for in-class exams.

C. In-class laboratory exercises.

 

Discipline(s)

Biological Sciences