Academic Catalog


Foothill College Course Outline of Record

Foothill College Course Outline of Record
Heading Value
Units: 3
Hours: 2 lecture, 3 laboratory per week (60 total per quarter)
Advisory: Internet access to complete quizzes, discussions and assignments; not open to students with credit in H P 52G or PHED 65B.
Degree & Credit Status: Degree-Applicable Credit Course
Foothill GE: Non-GE
Transferable: CSU
Grade Type: Letter Grade (Request for Pass/No Pass)
Repeatability: Not Repeatable

Student Learning Outcomes

  • The student will perform lower extremity muscle stretching implementing techniques of PNF.
  • The student will perform lower extremity muscle strengthening implementing techniques of PNF.


Theory and hands-on practice emphasizing lower extremity stretching, strengthening, stabilization and active range of motion, including goniometric measurement.

Course Objectives

The student will be able to:
A. identify the bones and joints of the lower extremity
B. identify lower extremity joint motions and name the muscles causing the action(s)
C. describe basic neuromuscular physiology in the lower extremity
D. recognize appropriate manual resistance for lower extremity
E. identify techniques facilitating active range of motion in the lower extremity
F. identify techniques developing strength in the lower extremity
G. demonstrate techniques of stretching, strengthening and stabilization of the lower extremity
H. demonstrate techniques of goniometric measurement of the lower extremity

Course Content

A. Lower Extremity Musculo-Skeletal Anatomy Review
1. Bones and joints
2. Non-contractile tissue
3. Contractile tissue
B. Biomechanics of Lower Extremity Exercise
1. Three planes of motion
2. Concentric
3. Eccentric
C. Measuring Range of Motion in the Lower Extremity
1. Hip
2. Knee
3. Ankle/foot
D. Grading Muscle Strength in the Lower Extremity
1. "0" - No contraction felt
2. "1" - Contraction but no movement
3. "2" - Movement w/gravity eliminated
4. "3" - Can raise against gravity
5. "4" - Can raise w/moderate resistance
6. "5" - Can overcome a great amount of resistance
E. Stretching the Lower Extremity
1. Hold - relax
2. Contract - relax
3. Reciprocal inhibition
E. Positioning for Lower Extremity Exercise
1. Manual contacts
2. Body position
3. In the groove

Lab Content

Hands-on practice of manual strengthening and stretching, including goniometric measurements.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment

A. When taught on campus: 3ft x 6ft tables for laboratory, plastic goniometers
B. When taught as an online distance learning or hybrid section, students and faculty need ongoing and continuous internet and email access

Method(s) of Evaluation

A. Quizzes
B. Individual Project
C. Practical Exam

Method(s) of Instruction

Lecture and laboratory.

Representative Text(s) and Other Materials

Adler, Sue, Dominiek Beckers, and Math Buck. PNF in Practice: an Illustrated Guide. 4th ed. New York, NY, 2014.


Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing, and Outside of Class Assignments

A. Weekly reading assignments from text

B. Discussion/chat online



Physical Education