Academic Catalog


Foothill College Course Outline of Record

Foothill College Course Outline of Record
Heading Value
Units: 3
Hours: 2 lecture, 3 laboratory per week (60 total per quarter)
Advisory: Internet access to complete quizzes, discussions and assignments; not open to students with credit in H P 52F or PHED 65A.
Degree & Credit Status: Degree-Applicable Credit Course
Foothill GE: Non-GE
Transferable: CSU
Grade Type: Letter Grade (Request for Pass/No Pass)
Repeatability: Not Repeatable

Student Learning Outcomes

  • Perform upper extremity stretching demonstrating techniques of PNF.
  • Perform upper extremity strengthening demonstrating techniques of PNF.


Theory and hands-on practice emphasizing the upper extremity: stretching, strengthening, stabilization and active/passive range of motion including goniometric measurements.

Course Objectives

The student will be able to:
A. identify the bones and joints of the upper extremity
B. identify upper extremity joint motions and name the muscles causing the action(s)
C. describe basic neuromuscular physiology in the upper extremity
D. recognize appropriate manual resistance for upper extremity
E. identify techniques facilitating active range of motion in the upper extremity
F. identify techniques developing strength in the upper extremity
G. demonstrate techniques of stretching, strengthening, and stabilization of the upper extremity
H. demonstrate techniques of goniometric measurement of the upper extremity

Course Content

A. Upper Extremity Musculo-Skeletal Anatomy Review
1. Bones and joints
2. Non-contractile tissue
3. Contractile tissue
B. Biomechanics of Upper Extremity Exercise
1. Three planes of motion
2. Concentric
3. Eccentric
C. Measuring Range of Motion in the Upper Extremity
1. Shoulder
2. Elbow
3. Wrist/Hand
D. Grading Muscle Strength in the Upper Extremity
1. "0" - No contraction felt
2. "1" - Contraction but no movement
3. "2" - Movement w/gravity eliminated
4. "3" - Can raise against gravity
5. "4" - Can raise w/moderate resistance
6. "5" - Can overcome a great amount of resistance
E. Stretching Upper Extremity
1. Hold - Relax
2. Contract - Relax
3. Reciprocal inhibition
F. Positioning for Upper Extremity Exercise
1. Manual contacts
2. Body position
3. In the groove

Lab Content

Hands-on practice of manual strengthening and stretching, including goniometric measurements.

Special Facilities and/or Equipment

A. When taught on campus: 3ft x 6ft tables for laboratory, plastic goniometers
B. When taught as an online distance learning or hybrid section, students and faculty need ongoing and continuous internet and email access

Method(s) of Evaluation

A. Quizzes
B. Individual Project
C. Practical Exam

Method(s) of Instruction

Lecture and laboratory.

Representative Text(s) and Other Materials

Adler, Sue, Dominiek Beckers, and Math Buck. PNF in Practice: an Illustrated Guide. 4th ed. New York, NY, 2014.


Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing, and Outside of Class Assignments

A. Weekly reading assignments from text

B. Discussion/chat online



Physical Education