Academic Catalog

APAV 54B: COMPARATIVE VETERINARY ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY FOR THE VETERINARY TECHNICIAN

Foothill College Course Outline of Record

Foothill College Course Outline of Record
Heading Value
Units: 5
Hours: 48 lecture, 36 laboratory per quarter (84 total per quarter)
Prerequisite: APAV 54A; per California Code of Regulations, this course is limited to students admitted to the Advanced Veterinary Assisting Apprenticeship Program.
Advisory: Not open to students with credit in V T 54B.
Degree & Credit Status: Degree-Applicable Credit Course
Foothill GE: Non-GE
Transferable: CSU
Grade Type: Letter Grade Only
Repeatability: Not Repeatable

Description

The second of two courses in comparative veterinary anatomy and physiology for veterinary technicians. Clinically relevant veterinary anatomy and physiology. Discussion of the similarities and differences among the major domestic species. Systems included in this course are: respiratory, gastrointestinal, neurologic, endocrine, reproductive, and urinary. The differences between avian and mammalian anatomy and physiology is discussed. Emphasis is placed on the normal structure and function of the major organ systems as the foundation for understanding normal physiology and the pathophysiology of disease.

Course Objectives

The student will be able to:
A. Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system in various species
B. Describe the structure and function of the digestive system in various species
C. Describe the structure and function of the nervous system in various species
D. Describe the structure and function of the endocrine system in various species
E. Describe the structure and function of the urinary system in various species
F. Describe the structure and function of the reproductive system in various species
G. Describe the anatomical structure and physiology of avian species
H. Compare and contrast some of the basic differences between birds and mammals in anatomy and physiology

Course Content

A. Respiratory system
1. Terminology
2. Structure
a. Upper respiratory tract
1) Nose
2) Pharynx
3) Larynx
4) Trachea
b. Lower respiratory tract
1) Bronchial tree
2) Alveoli
3) Lungs
3. Functions
a. Inspiration
b. Expiration
c. Respiratory volumes
d. Alveolar gas exchange
e. Control of breathing
4. Clinical applications
a. Physical examination
b. Nursing care
c. Clinical pathology
d. Comparative anatomy and physiology
e. Radiology
B. Digestive system
1. Terminology and structure
2. Oral cavity
3. Esophagus
4. Stomach
a. Monogastric stomach
b. Ruminant stomachs
1) Reticulum
2) Rumen
3) Omasum
4) Abomasum
5) Nursing ruminant
5. Small intestine
6. Large intestine
7. Rectum, anus
8. Associated organs
a. Liver
b. Pancreas
9. Nutrition
a. Nutrients
1) Water
2) Carbohydrates
3) Fats
4) Proteins
5) Vitamins
6) Minerals
b. Metabolism
1) Control of metabolism
2) Metabolic pathways
10. Applications in clinical setting
a. Physical examination of the gastrointestinal systems of various species
b. Nursing care
c. Clinical pathology
d. Comparative anatomy and physiology
e. Case studies
C. Nervous system
1. Terminology and structure
2. Neurons and supporting cells
3. Organization
a. Central and peripheral nervous systems
b. Afferent and efferent nerves
c. Autonomic and somatic nerves
4. Neuron function
5. Neuron communication
a. Neurotransmitters
6. Brain and spinal cord
a. Structures of the brain
e. Structures of the spinal cord
7. Autonomic nervous system
a. Structure
b. Function
8. Reflexes
9. Sense organs
a. General senses
1) Visceral
2) Touch
a) Temperature
b) Pain
c) Proprioception
b. Special senses
1) Taste
2) Smell
3) Hearing
4) Equilibrium
5) Vision
10. Applications in clinical setting
a. Neurological examination
b. Nursing care and considerations
c. Comparative anatomy and physiology
d. Case studies
D. Endocrine system
1. Terminology and structure
2. Hormones
a. Characteristics
b. Control of secretion
3. Major endocrine glands
a. Hypothalamus
b. Pituitary
c. Thyroid
d. Parathyroid
e. Adrenal
f. Pancreas
g. Gonads
h. Other endocrine organs
1) Kidney
2) Stomach
3) Small intestine
4) Placenta
5) Thymus
6) Pineal
4. Applications in clinical setting
a. Physical examination
b. Nursing care
c. Clinical pathology
d. Comparative anatomy and physiology
e. Case studies
E. Urinary system
1. Terminology and structure
2. Kidney
a. Structure
b. Function
3. Ureters
4. Urinary bladder
a. Structure
b. Function
c. Micturition
5. Urethra
6. Applications in clinical setting
a. Physical examination
b. Nursing care
c. Clinical pathology
d. Comparative anatomy and physiology
e. Case studies
F. Reproductive system
1. Terminology and structure
2. Male reproductive organs
a. Testes
1) Structure
2) Function
b. Vas deferens
c. Accessory glands
1) Seminal vesicles
2) Prostate
3) Bulbourethral
d. Penis
1) Structure
2) Function
3. Female reproductive system
a. Ovaries
b. Oviducts
c. Uterus
d. Cervix
e. Vagina
f. Vulva
g. Estrous cycle
4. Pregnancy, development, lactation
a. Copulation
b. Fertilization
c. Implantation
d. Placenta
1) Structure
2) Attachment
e. Pregnancy
f. Parturition
g. Mammary glands and lactation
1) Species differences
2) Lactation
3) Colostrum
4) Maintenance of lactation
5. Applications in clinical setting
a. Physical examination
b. Nursing care
c. Clinical pathology
d. Comparative anatomy and physiology
G. Avian anatomy and physiology
1. Terminology and comparative structures
2. Integument
3. Musculoskeletal
a. Flight adaptations
4. Sense organs
5. Endocrine system
6. Digestive system
7. Circulatory system
8. Respiratory system
9. Urogenital system
10. Bird classifications
H. Comparison of mammalian and avian species

Lab Content

A. Anatomical terminology of systems covered
B. Identification of major cell and tissue types on prepared histology slides of systems covered
C. Terminology and identification of structures in the following systems
1. Respiratory system
2. Digestive system
3. Nervous system
4. Sense organs
5. Endocrine system
6. Urinary system
7. Reproductive system
8. Avian anatomy

Special Facilities and/or Equipment

Classroom equipped with multimedia presentation and projection capabilities. Computers with Internet access. Student computers, bench space, anatomy and physiology models, microscopes, microscope slides (cytology and histology), preserved specimens, images from Anatomage model at Foothill.

Method(s) of Evaluation

The student will demonstrate proficiency through some or all of the following:
A. Two written midterm exams
B. A written final exam
C. Laboratory evaluations, quizzes, and practical exams

Method(s) of Instruction

During periods of instruction the student will be in:
A. Lecture
B. Discussion
C. Laboratory demonstration using models, slides, Anatomage model or other lab materials
D. Cooperative and individual laboratory exercises

Representative Text(s) and Other Materials

Colville, Thomas, and Joanna M. Bassert. Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians. 3rd ed. MO: Mosby Elsevier Publishers, 2016.

Colville, Thomas, and Joanna M. Bassert. Clinical Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Manual for Veterinary Technicians. MO: Mosby Elsevier Publishers, 2016.

 

Types and/or Examples of Required Reading, Writing, and Outside of Class Assignments

Assignments may include:

A. Reading assignments

1. Weekly reading assignments in the lecture text and other instructional materials, such as lecture notes, online readings, study guides of approximately 30-60 pages/week

2. Weekly reading assignments in the lab manual, online, or corresponding instructional materials

B. Writing assignments

1. Viewing of DVDs or online movies with written summaries

2. Self quizzes

 

Discipline(s)

Registered Veterinary Technician